최현정, 이화영, 이훈진 (2012). 고문피해자의 정신과적 진단 실태. 신경정신의학, 51, 127-133.
Objectives: This study was to investigate the psychiatric diagnoses of torture survivors’ traumatic stress as a part of a large research project of the human rights survey of torture survivors.
Methods: Participants were 24 torture survivors who consented to participate, who had experienced torture during the period of 1970 through 2000’s. Participants were recruited from human rights support groups and government agencies using the snowballing technique. Data were collected by a psychiatrist and two psychologists, using the MINI-International Neuropsychiatric Interview PLUS.
Results: The prevalence of past psychiatric diagnoses which occurred during post-victimization period included posttraumatic stress disorder(PTSD, 37.5%), depressive disorders(45.8%), panic disorder(16.6%), substance related disorders(24.9%), psychotic disorder(4.1%), and adjustment disorder(16.6%). The prevalence of current diagnoses at interview period included PTSD(33.3%), depressive disorders(41.6%), panic disorder(8.2%), generalized anxiety disorder(4.1%), substance related disorders(20.8%), psychotic disorder(4.1%), adjustment disorder(12.5%), and suicidality of above mid-level(16.6%). Co-morbidity rate were 37.5% at past and 33.3% at current.
Conclusion: It was revealed that torture survivors were suffering from high rate of chronic psychiatric disorders. Appropriate psychiatric treatment may be in need to support the sufferings of the survivors.
Keywords: torture, mental disorders, posttraumatic stress disorders