Choi, H., Klein, C., Shin, S., & Lee, H. (2009). Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and Disorders of extreme stress (DESNOS) symptoms following prostitution and childhood abuse. Violence Against Women, 15(8), 933-951.
With the participation of 46 prostituted women in Korea, this study investigates the relationship between prostitution experiences, a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and disorders of extreme stress not otherwise specified (DESNOS). Prostituted women showed higher levels of PTSD and DESNOS symptoms compared to a control group. Women who had experienced both CSA by a significant other and prostitution showed the highest levels of traumatic stress. However, posttraumatic reexperiencing and avoidance and identity, relational, and affect regulation problems were significant for prostitution experiences even when the effects of CSA were controlled.